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The Impact of the Gender Pay Gap on Women’s Health

The Impact of the Gender Pay Gap on Women’s Health
The Impact of the Gender Pay Gap on Women’s Health


The gender pay gap refers to the difference in pay between men and women who are doing the same work. It has been an issue in the workplace for many years and still remains a problem today. According to a 2020 report by the National Women’s Law Center, women in the United States earn only 82 cents for every dollar earned by men. The impacts of the gender pay gap go beyond just financial and economic consequences, it can also affect women’s health.

Health Consequences

The financial strain that comes with the gender pay gap can lead to various health issues for women. For example, women who are struggling financially due to low pay may delay or avoid seeking medical treatment when they need it, which can result in long-term health consequences. In addition, the stress of financial strain can lead to physical and mental health issues, including depression, anxiety, and high blood pressure.

Another consequence of the gender pay gap is that it often forces women into low-paying jobs with fewer benefits such as health insurance. As a result, women may be less likely to receive preventive care or screenings, leading to missed opportunities for early detection and treatment of health conditions. This can lead to more serious health problems that are costly to treat and may have long-term consequences.

Maternal Health

The impact of the gender pay gap on women’s health is particularly evident in maternal health. The United States has one of the highest maternal mortality rates among high-income countries, and the disparity is even greater for women of color. Women who are financially struggling due to low pay are more likely to experience pregnancy-related complications and to die during or after childbirth. Inadequate prenatal care due to financial constraints can also result in negative outcomes for both mother and baby.

Mental Health

The gender pay gap can also take a toll on women’s mental health. Women who feel undervalued and financially unstable may experience stress, anxiety, anger, and even depression. This may also impact their work performance and lead to further financial distress. Studies have shown that women with higher levels of stress are at a greater risk of developing various health problems such as heart disease, high blood pressure, and obesity.

Impact on Retirement

The gender pay gap can also have serious long-term consequences for women’s retirement savings and financial security. With less income throughout their careers, women may have less money to save for retirement or to contribute to retirement accounts. This can lead to a lifetime of financial insecurity and a greater risk of poverty in old age.


The impact of the gender pay gap on women’s health is clear. It can lead to financial strain, inadequate healthcare, pregnancy complications, and long-term health consequences. The gender pay gap is not just a financial issue, it is also a health issue that must be addressed. Implementing policies and initiatives to close the gender pay gap will not only help women’s financial security but also their overall health and wellbeing.


1. What is the gender pay gap?
A. The difference in pay between men and women doing the same work.
B. The difference in pay between men and women with different qualifications.
C. The difference in pay between people of different genders.

2. What are some health consequences of the gender pay gap?
A. Delayed or avoided medical treatment, physical and mental health issues.
B. High blood pressure, cancer and diabetes.
C. Increased risk of infectious diseases.

3. Why is the impact of the gender pay gap particularly difficult for women with families?
A. They have more financial responsibilities.
B. They often have to deal with work-life balance.
C. They require more frequent medical check-ups.

External Links

1. National Women’s Law Center – https://nwlc.org/
2. American Association of University Women – https://www.aauw.org/
3. United Nations Women – https://www.unwomen.org/



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